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Visok krvni pritisak - osnove

Krvni pritisak je sila koju svaki otkucaj srca vrši na zidove krvnih žila. Krvni pritisak pomaže kretanju krvi kroz tijelo. Normalni krvni pritisak je 120 sa 80 ili niži. Krvni pritisak varira od osobe do osobe. Krvni pritisak svake osobe se mijenja iz sata u sat i iz dana u dan.

 

Mjerenje krvnog pritiska

Krvni pritisak se često provjerava stavljanjem širokog pojasa zvanog manšeta oko nadlaktice. Vazduh se upumpava u manšetu, a krvni pritisak se mjeri dok se vazduh ispušta iz manšete.

Krvni pritisak se sastoji od dva broja koji se nalaze jedan iznad drugog.

  • Gornji broj je veći i zove se sistoličko očitavanje. To je pritisak u krvnim žilama koji nastaje dok srce pumpa krv.
  • Donji broj je manji i zove se dijastoličko očitavanje. To je pritisak u krvnim žilama kada se srce odmara između otkucaja.

Visoki krvni pritisak

Visoki krvni pritisak se naziva i hipertenzija. Visoki krvni pritisak je 140 sa 90 ili viši. Dijagnoza visokog krvnog pritiska se ne postavlja sve dok se krvni pritisak ne izmjeri nekoliko puta i ostane visok i nakon nekoliko provjera.

Što je krvi teže proticati kroz krvne žile, to su veći brojevi očitavanja krvnog pritiska. Sa visokim krvnim pritiskom, srce radi teže nego što je to normalno. Visok krvni pritisak može dovesti do srčanog udara, moždanog udara, oboljenja bubrega i zadebljanja zidova krvnih žila.

 

Simptomi visokog krvnog pritiska

Jedini način da saznate da li imate visok krvni pritisak je da ga provjerite. Većina ljudi nema nikakve znakove. Neki ljudi mogu imati glavobolje ili zamagljen vid.

 

Njega

Kontrola krvnog pritiska je veoma važna. Ako imate visok krvni pritisak trebate da:

  • često provjeravate svoj krvni pritisak,  
  • posjetite doktora ako Vaš krvni pritisak ostane visok,
  • uzimajte lijekove za krvni pritisak kao što Vam je propisao doktor,
  • uzimajte lijekove čak i ako se dobro osjećate ili Vam je krvni pritisak normalan,
  • smršajte ako ste prekomjerne težine,
  • ograničite so u svojoj ishrani i pić,u
  • prestanite konzumirati alkohol,
  • prestanite pušiti ili upotrebljavati duhan,
  • svakodnevno vježbajte što više,
  • smanjite stres,
  • relaksirajte se svaki dan.

Posjetite doktora ili pozovite hitnu pomoć ako imate:

  • jaku glavobolju,
  • promjene vida,
  • bol u prsima, pritisak ili stezanje koje ne popušta sa nitroglicerinom,
  • teško dišete ili ste kratkog daha,
  • iznenadnu utrnulost, štipanje ili malaksalost u licu, ruci ili nozi,
  • iznenadnu zbunjenost, problem sa razumijevanjem ili sa govorom,
  • teškoće sa gutanjem.

Izvor: www.healthinfotranslations.org

 

www.medicina.ba

Komentari (62)
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    imam 23 god.zanima me je li rizicno kada srce ubrzano lupa?stim sto sam isla na pregled i rekli su mi da imam aritmiju,tj.od stresa i napetosti....a tonovi srca su jasni na snimku!!!pritisak mi je 120/80 ili nizi
  • Anoniman  - re:
    zeljana napisao:
    imam 23 god.zanima me je li rizicno kada srce ubrzano lupa?stim sto sam isla na pregled i rekli su mi da imam aritmiju,tj.od stresa i napetosti....a tonovi srca su jasni na snimku!!!pritisak mi je 120/80 ili nizi
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